Before we get started, let's clear the air: Despite extensive study, nothing conclusive has been reached about an association between these two diseases. There are some indirect associations—such as the propensity for obesity among diabetics and the higher risk of cancer among people who are obese—but not much else.
Let's look at ten things to know and understand about these two diseases.
Diabetes and Esophageal Cancer
Patients diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus and diabetes are at risk for progression to high-grade disease, or esophageal cancer.
New-Onset Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer
People diagnosed with pancreatic cancer—one of the toughest cancers to treat successfully—are more likely to be diagnosed with new-onset diabetes than those without cancer. New-onset diabetes could be "an early embodiment" of pancreatic cancer, and not the other way around.
Diabetes and Treatment for Colorectal Cancer
In patients with both diabetes and colorectal cancer, studies show that chemotherapy and radiotherapy use has increased in these patients, and their use in patients without diabetes has decreased.
Incretin Mimetics and Pancreatic Cancer
Using insulin-stimulating treatments like incretin mimetics does not encourage the development of pancreatic cancer (adenocarcinoma) in patients with diabetes.
Diabetes, Alcohol and Hepatocellular Carcinoma
It is believed that diabetes is related to one third of hepatocellular carcinomas, while almost one quarter of these diagnoses were related to alcohol consumption.
Diabetes and Mammograms
Women with diabetes are already at increased risk of breast cancer, but they are less likely to attend routine mammogram screenings.
Type 2 Diabetes and Colorectal Cancer
Some genetic mutations linked to type 2 diabetes influence the risk for colorectal cancer among men and women, although the level of influence differs between genders.
Diabetes and Breast Cancer
Postmenopausal women who take metformin for diabetes might have a reduced risk for developing invasive breast cancer.
Diabetes and Breast Cancer Part Two
Women with comorbid diabetes and breast cancer face a 50 percent greater risk of dying, from any cause, than those without. They are also more likely to be diagnosed with later-stage cancers.
Diabetes Meds and Prostate Cancer
Men taking metformin, glibenclamide, glipizide and human insulin appear to be at a 16 percent lower risk of developing prostate cancer.
Photo: Empow Her